Amon G. Carter papers, 1806-1997 (inclusive), 1935-1955 (bulk). Edit

Summary

Identifier
MS 014

Dates

  • 1806-1997 (Creation)
  • 1935-1955 (Creation)

Extents

  • 204.50 Linear feet (Whole)
    416 Hollinger and oversize boxes.

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Arrangement

    Arranged in four series and one addition: I. Subject Files, 1880-1990. II. Photographs, 1880-1970. III. Memorabilia, 1806-1986. IV. Katrine Deakins Material, 1874-1984. Accession 2007-M-006, 1957-1997. Accession 2011-M-005, 1916-c. 1950's.

  • Biographical / Historical

    Amon G. Carter was born on December 11, 1879, in Crafton, Texas. Ceasing to attend school at a young age, Carter focused the rest of his life on his career, beginning with his job as the advertising manager of the Fort Worth Star in 1905. His journalistic endeavors included a long tenure as the owner, publisher, and president of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Other ventures included establishing WBAP, Fort Worth's first radio station, and serving as chairman of the first board of directors of Texas Technological College, as president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce, and as director and part owner of American Airways, which later became American Airlines. A philanthropist, Carter established the Amon G. Carter Foundation. He died on June 23, 1955, in Fort Worth.

    Detailed Biography Reproduced from the Handbook of Texas (online):

    Amon G. Carter, newspaperman and entrepreneur, was born Giles Amon Carter on December 11, 1879, in Crafton, Texas, the son of William Henry and Josephine (Ream) Carter. He changed his name as an adult; he named his son Amon Gary Carter, Jr.,qv and was widely known as Amon Carter, Sr. He quit school to help his family when he was eleven years old, did odd jobs in Bowie, and later worked in Oklahoma and California. He moved to Fort Worth in 1905 and became advertising manager of the Fort Worth Star the next year. Three years later, with the backing of Col. Paul Waples, he bought the newspaper and merged it with the Fort Worth Telegram. He named it the Fort Worth Star-Telegram;qv Louis J. Worthamqv was editor. In 1923 Carter succeeded Wortham as publisher and president, and in 1925 he bought the rival paper, the Record, which was published by William Randolph Hearst.

    In 1922 Carter established WBAP, Fort Worth's first radio station; it became the first television station in the South and the Southwest in 1948. In 1923 Carter became chairman of the first board of directors of Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University), where he served until 1927. He was the youngest president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce. When oil was discovered in North Texas in the 1920s he helped persuade oilmen to move to Fort Worth and encouraged construction of such skyscrapers as the Sinclair, W. T. Waggoner,qv and Life of America buildings; he later served as director of the American Petroleum Institute.

    One of Carter's special interests was transportation. In 1911 he headed a committee that brought the first airplane to the Fort Worth area; by 1928 he was a director and part owner of American Airways, which six years later reorganized as American Airlines, Incorporated. Before World War IIqv he helped bring to Fort Worth a huge Convair complex, later to become General Dynamics. In 1952 he persuaded Bell Aircraft Corporation to locate a helicopter plant in nearby Hurst. Amon G. Carter Field, named for him in 1950, was involved in the Fort Worth-Dallas airport controversy.

    Carter was noted for his large-scale philanthropy, which was fueled by wealth from the oil business. His first successful well was drilled in New Mexico in 1935, and in 1945 the Amon G. Carter Foundation was established for cultural and educational purposes. Because of his outstanding service to Fort Worth and to Texas, Carter received numerous honors. He was named Range Boss of West Texas in 1939 and Ambassador of Good Will in 1941 by the Texas legislature. He received the Exceptional Service Medal from the United States Air Force and the Frank M. Hawks Memorial Award from American Legion Post 501 of New York City. He was an organizer and director of the Southwest Exposition and Fat Stock Show, president of the Fort Worth Club for thirty-five years, and a contributor to Fort Worth hospitals and civic centers. Many important visitors from business, theater, and public life visited his farm, Shady Oak.

    Carter was married to Zetta Thomas, and they had a daughter. He subsequently married Nenetta Burton, and they had a son and a daughter; they were divorced in 1941. Carter subsequently married Minnie Meacham Smith. He died on June 23, 1955, in Fort Worth. Under the terms of his will, the Amon Carter Museumqv was established in Fort Worth from his collection of Remingtons and Russells.

    BIBLIOGRAPHY: Seymour V. Connor, ed., Builders of the Southwest (Lubbock: Southwest Collection, Texas Technological College, 1959). Fort Worth Star-Telegram, June 24, 25, 1955. Vertical Files, Barker Texas History Center, University of Texas at Austin.

    -Ben H. Procter

  • Collection Scope and Content Summary

    The papers document the life and career of Amon G. Carter, Sr. Subject files make up the largest portion of the papers and include correspondence, financial information, programs, photos, and news clippings. These files reside in two series. The majority of the subject files are in Series I, while the rest are listed as correspondence in Series III. The papers document Carter's involvement with a wide variety of people and interests. They contain a large amount of correspondence documenting Carter's business career with companies such as American Airlines, Inc., the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, and WBAP. Sections of the material detail his personal life, especially the papers dealing with various members of Carter's family and those describing his friendship with Will Rogers. The papers documenting his son's imprisonment in a Nazi POW camp are especially poignant.

    The papers also include a substantial number of photographs. The highlights of the photograph collection in Series II include photos of Amon Carter, his family, friends, and business associates, as well as various politicians and celebrities. The scrapbooks in Series III include additional photographs of Carter and his family as does the material from Katrine Deakins, his longtime personal secretary, in Series IV.

    The collection's strength is its breadth of coverage of Amon Carter's multi-faceted career and eclectic interests. His energy, ingenuity, and humanity shine through in the papers.

  • Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Gift of Amon Carter Museum in 1999. The museum and foundation still hold some material that relates directly to their offices. The papers had been transferred from the Amon G. Carter Foundation to the Amon Carter Museum in late 1982 or early 1983.

  • Conditions Governing Access

    Copyright has been transferred to TCU. Collection is open for research.

  • Preferred Citation

    Amon G. Carter Papers. Special Collections, Mary Couts Burnett Library, Texas Christian University.

  • Related Materials

    Collection Guide to the Amon G. Carter Papers at the Amon Carter Museum

    http://www.cartermuseum.org/sites/all/files/amongcarterpapersa201_006.pdf

  • Physical Location

    Wright Storage 19C4-20A1 Oversize 21A1-21D6

Components